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Since its inception in 1949 by Lt. Gen. Julian C. Smith, the Second Marine Division Association (SMDA) has grown steadily with thousands of members. The Camp Lejeune-based organization includes officers and enlisted men and women who are proud of their service. Our members continue their friendships with old and new comrades, and they perpetuate the spirit and traditions of the Marine Corps. Our association has 13 state or regional SMDA chapters around the country.

 

HISTORY

The 2nd Marine Division was officially organized on February 1, 1941 at Camp Elliott, California by change of designation from the 2nd Marine Brigade. By mid-1941, because of the growing threat of a German invasion to Iceland, the 6th Marine Regiment, a battalion from 10th Marines and other units were pulled from the division and sent to Iceland.

After the outbreak of war the 8th Marine Regiment with an assortment of other division assets formed the 2nd Marine Brigade and were dispatched to American Samoa.

During World War II, the 2nd Marine Division (Headquarters) participated in authorized operations and engagements in the Pacific Theater of Operations:

The Battle of Guadalcanal, in the Solomon Islands campaign — 4 January to 8 February 1943. 

2d Marines, reinforced:
Guadalcanal,  Tulagi landings -- 7 to 9 August 1942 
Capture and defense of Guadalcanal -- 10 August 1942 to 31 January 1943
 
8th Marines, reinforced:
Capture and defense of Guadalcanal -- 2 November 1942 to 8 February 1943 
The Battle of Tarawa, in the Gilbert Islands campaign — 20 November to 4 December 1943
The Battle of Saipan, Mariana Islands campaign — 15 June to 24 July 1944 
The Battle of Tinian, — 24 July to 10 August 1944 
The Battle of Okinawa (floating Reserve) — 1 April to 10 April 1945. (Detachment of Headquarters and the 8th Marines, reinforced, from 1 to 30 June 1945). 

1950s through the 1980s

2nd Marine Division next took part in a major action in 1958 when elements participated in the U.S. intervention into the Lebanon crisis of 1958. 2nd Marine Division units helped to reinforce Guantanamo Bay during the Cuban Missile Crisis in 1962 and landed in the Dominican Republic in 1965 as part of Operation Power Pack. 

Other peacekeeping operations carried on by the Division include being part of the Multi National Peacekeeping Force in Lebanon from August 1982 until February 1984. The Division suffered the loss of 241 Marines and Sailors during the 1983 Beirut barracks bombing. Towards the end of the 1980s, Division Marines participated in Operation Just Cause, the invasion of Panama.

The Gulf War & the 1990s

The 1990s began with elements of the Division participating in Operation Sharp Edge, the evacuation of American and allied civilians out of war torn Liberia. This was followed by deployments to Saudi Arabia in support of Operation Desert Shield and then the liberation of Kuwait in Operation Desert Storm. Following the war, elements of the Division participated in Operation Provide Comfort.

Global War on Terror

Elements of the 2nd Marine Division deployed to Kuwait in early 2003 to reinforce the 1st Marine Expeditionary Force. These units formed a Marine Expeditionary Brigade (MEB) and were called Task Force Tarawa. Task Force Tarawa crossed into Iraq on the first day of the ground war with the initial task of seizing Jalibah airfield in southern Iraq. Following this, the Task Force pushed north and took part in a major battle in the town of Nasiriyah. After the war, these Marines were moved north to Al Kut where they provided security and stabilization operations in central Iraq.

The 2nd Marine Division deployed to Camp Fallujah, Iraq as the II Marine Expeditionary Force (II MEF) headquarters in January 2005 as part of Operation Iraqi Freedom III (OIF III) (later redesignated OIF 04-06) to relieve the 1st Marine Division in the Al Anbar province. The division again deployed for another year long tour at Camp Fallujah from 2007 to 2008.

The 2nd Marine Division deployed to Camp Leatherneck, Afghanistan as the ground combat element, known as Task Force Leatherneck, for II Marine Expeditionary Force (II Mef) in March 2011 as part of Operation Enduring Freedom to relieve the 1st Marine Division in the Helmand province.

 

 

Lineage

 

1936 - 1940

Activated 1 July 1936 at San Diego, California, as the 2d Marine Brigade, Fleet Marine Force Deployed during August-September 1937 to Shanghai China

Relocated during February-April 1938 to San Diego, California

 

1941 - 1957

Redesignated 1 February 1941 as the 2nd Marine Division, Fleet Marine Force

Elements deployed to Iceland, July 1941-March 1942

Deployed to the South Pacific during January 1942-January 1943

Participated in the following World War II campaigns:

  

GUADALCANAL           SOUTHERN SOLOMONS             TARAWA

SAIPAN                         TINIAN                                           OKINAWA

 

Deployed during September 1945 to Nagasaki, Japan

Participated in the occupation of Japan, September 1945-June 1946

Relocated during June-July 1946 to Camp Lejeune, North Carolina

 

1958 - 1991

Elements participated in the landing in Lebanon, July-October 1958

Participated in the Cuban Missile Crisis, October December 1962

Elements participated in the intervention in the Dominican Republic, April-June 1965

Participated in numerous training exercises throughout the 1970s and into the 1980s

Participated as part of a Multinational Peace-Keeping Force in Lebanon, August 1982-February 1984

Elements participated in the landing on Grenada-Carriacou, October-November 1983

Elements participated in Operation Just Cause in Panama, December 1989- January 1990

Participated in Operations Desert shield and Desert Storm from August 1990-May 1991

 

Honors

Presidential Unit Citation Streamer - World War II, Tarawa

China Service Streamer

American Defense Service Streamer with one Bronze Star

European-Africa-Middle Eastern Campaign Streamer

Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Streamer with one Silver Star and Two Bronze Stars

World War II Victory Streamer

Navy Occupation Service Streamer with Asia and European Clasps

National Defense Service Streamer with one Bronze Star

Marine Corps Expeditionary Streamer

Armed Forces Expeditionary Streamer with Two Bronze Stars

Navy Unit Commendation Streamer for Operations Desert Shield and Desert Storm

Southwest Asia Streamer with Three Bronze Stars

 

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